Add-in

_images/ribbon.png

The xlwings add-in is the preferred way to be able to use RunPython or UDFs. Note that you don’t need an add-in if you just want to manipulate Excel from Python via xlwings.

Note

The ribbon of the add-in is compatible with Excel >= 2007 on Windows and >= 2016 on Mac. You could, however, use the add-in with earlier versions but you would need to change the settings directly in the config file, see below. On Mac, all UDF related functionality is not available.

Note

The add-in is password protected with the password xlwings. For debugging or to add new extensions, you need to unprotect it.

Installation

To install the add-in, it’s easiest to use the command line client: xlwings addin install.

Then, to use RunPython or UDFs in a workbook, you need to set a reference to xlwings in the VBA editor, see screenshot (Windows: Tools > References..., Mac: it’s on the lower left corner of the VBA editor). Note that when you create a workbook via xlwings quickstart, the reference is already set.

_images/vba_reference.png

Global Settings

While the defaults will often work out-of-the box, you can change the global settings directly in the add-in:

  • Interpreter: This is the path to the Python interpreter (works also with virtual or conda envs), e.g. "C:\Python35\pythonw.exe" or "/usr/local/bin/python3.5". An empty field defaults to pythonw that expects the interpreter to be set in the PATH on Windows or .bash_profile on Mac.
  • PYTHONPATH: If the source file of your code is not found, add the path here.
  • UDF_MODULES: Names of Python modules (without .py extension) from which the UDFs are being imported. Separate multiple modules by ”;”. Example: UDF_MODULES = "common_udfs;myproject" The default imports a file in the same directory as the Excel spreadsheet with the same name but ending in .py.
  • Debug UDFs: Check this box if you want to run the xlwings COM server manually for debugging, see Debugging.
  • Log File: Leave empty for default location (see below) or provide the full path, e.g. .
  • RunPython: Use UDF Server: Uses the same COM Server for RunPython as for UDFs. This will be faster, as the interpreter doesn’t shut down after each call.
  • Restart UDF Server: This shuts down the UDF Server/Python interpreter. It’ll be restarted upon the next function call.

Config File

The settings in the xlwings Ribbon are stored in a config file that can also be manipulated externally. The location is

  • Windows: .xlwings\xlwings.conf in your user folder
  • Mac Excel 2016: ~/Library/Containers/com.microsoft.Excel/Data/xlwings.conf

# Mac Excel 2011: ~/.xlwings/xlwings.conf

The format is as follows (keys are uppercase):

"INTERPRETER","pythonw"
"PYTHONPATH",""

Note

Mac Excel 2011 users have to create and edit the config file manually under ~/.xlwings/xlwings.conf as the ribbon is not supported.

Workbook Settings

The global settings of the Ribbon/Config file can be overridden for each workbook by adding a sheet with the name xlwings.conf. When you create a new project with xlwings quickstart, it’ll already have such a sheet but you need to rename it to xlwings.conf to make it active.

_images/workbook_config.png

Alternative: Standalone VBA module

Sometimes it might be useful to run xlwings code without having to install an add-in first. To do so, you need to use the standalone option when creating a new project: xlwings quickstart myproject --standalone.

This will add the content of the add-in as a single VBA module so you don’t need to set a reference to the add-in anymore. It will still read in the settings from your xlwings.conf if you don’t override them by using a sheet with the name xlwings.conf.

Log File default locations

These log files are used for the error pop-up windows:

  • Windows: %APPDATA%\xlwings.log
  • Mac with Excel 2011: /tmp/xlwings.log
  • Mac with Excel 2016: ~/Library/Containers/com.microsoft.Excel/Data/xlwings.log