class Pictures(impl)#

A collection of all picture objects on the specified sheet:

>>> import xlwings as xw
>>> xw.books['Book1'].sheets[0].pictures
Pictures([<Picture 'Picture 1' in <Sheet [Book1]Sheet1>>,
          <Picture 'Picture 2' in <Sheet [Book1]Sheet1>>])

New in version 0.9.0.

add(image, link_to_file=False, save_with_document=True, left=None, top=None, width=None, height=None, name=None, update=False, scale=None, format=None, anchor=None, export_options=None)#

Adds a picture to the specified sheet.

  • image (str or path-like object or matplotlib.figure.Figure) – Either a filepath or a Matplotlib figure object.

  • left (float, default None) – Left position in points, defaults to 0. If you use top/left, you must not provide a value for anchor.

  • top (float, default None) – Top position in points, defaults to 0. If you use top/left, you must not provide a value for anchor.

  • width (float, default None) – Width in points. Defaults to original width.

  • height (float, default None) – Height in points. Defaults to original height.

  • name (str, default None) – Excel picture name. Defaults to Excel standard name if not provided, e.g., ‘Picture 1’.

  • update (bool, default False) – Replace an existing picture with the same name. Requires name to be set.

  • scale (float, default None) – Scales your picture by the provided factor.

  • format (str, default None) – Only used if image is a Matplotlib or Plotly plot. By default, the plot is inserted in the “png” format, but you may want to change this to a vector-based format like “svg” on Windows (may require Microsoft 365) or “eps” on macOS for better print quality. If you use 'vector', it will be using 'svg' on Windows and 'eps' on macOS. To find out which formats your version of Excel supports, see:

  • anchor (xw.Range, default None) –

    The xlwings Range object of where you want to insert the picture. If you use anchor, you must not provide values for top/left.

    New in version 0.24.3.

  • export_options (dict, default None) –

    For Matplotlib plots, this dictionary is passed on to image.savefig() with the following defaults: {"bbox_inches": "tight", "dpi": 200}, so if you want to leave the picture uncropped and increase dpi to 300, use: export_options={"dpi": 300}. For Plotly, the options are passed to write_image().

    New in version 0.27.7.


Return type



  1. Picture

>>> import xlwings as xw
>>> sht = xw.Book().sheets[0]
<Picture 'Picture 1' in <Sheet [Book1]Sheet1>>
  1. Matplotlib

>>> import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
>>> fig = plt.figure()
>>> plt.plot([1, 2, 3, 4, 5])
>>>, name='MyPlot', update=True)
<Picture 'MyPlot' in <Sheet [Book1]Sheet1>>
property api#

Returns the native object (pywin32 or appscript obj) of the engine being used.

property count#

Returns the number of objects in the collection.